NOLEGEIN-Journal of Business Ethics , Ethos & CSR MBA Journals ( Consortium e Learning Network Pvt Ltd) en-US NOLEGEIN-Journal of Business Ethics , Ethos & CSR 2581-5601 COVID-19 Pandemic: Strategies for Educational Institutions in India <p><em>Beginning of the M</em><em>arch</em><em>&nbsp;2020, COVID-19 had created numerous problems in</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>the </em><em>field </em><em>of education. As of 31</em><em>&nbsp;March 2020, 185 nations around the world had reported the closure of educational institutions. Education</em><em>al</em><em>&nbsp;institution closures had a profound and enduring impact on health, educational, economic, and social inequalities. The lockdown brought an unpredicted pressure on the education framework of the nation. </em><em>As </em><em>COVID-19 pandemic spread</em><em>s</em><em>, the educational institutions at primary, secondary, and college levels had to </em><em>close down</em><em>. </em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>There was a great need to adopt new measures to move to other platforms and letting education flow to the learners. Social separation had gotten a basic in this battle against a strong, undetectable adversary. This chapter analyses strategies and approaches that have been applied in the education setting. Some recommendations can be used for future emergencies in such a situation.</em></p> Komalpreet Singh Manu Sharma Taranjit Singh Vij Copyright (c) 2020 NOLEGEIN-Journal of Business Ethics , Ethos & CSR 2020-12-05 2020-12-05 1 6 Creative Thinking Ability of Improving Teacher Education of Primary School Students with Creative Learning Model <p><em>Creative learning skills for students are very important in the 21st century learning era. The </em><em>purpose of this research is to study the improvement of students’ creative thinking driven by </em><em>creative learning models, which discuss the planning phase, extracting creative ideas, </em><em>research, elaboration, displaying work, and implementation. The subjects of this study were </em><em>117 third-semester students, academic year 2018–2019, at the Department of Primary School </em><em>Teacher Education, Faculty of Education, Ganesha University of Education. The topic </em><em>discussed was the application of acid–base theory and natural indicators. Methods of data </em><em>collection use a test of creative thinking skills with indicators Think Now, Think Flexible, </em><em>Communicate, and Think Original. Statistics increase in statistics with N-gain. The results of </em><em>creative thinking skills in cycle I (in class F) to cycle IV (in class A) for each indicator of </em><em>creative thinking skills, namely fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration, related </em><em>evaluations-helped score N-gain, i.e. 0, 87 (height); 0.67 (moderate); 0,43 (moderate); 0.62 </em><em>(moderate); 0.55 (medium); and 0. 54 (medium). These results indicate that the indicator of </em><em>fluency is in the high category. </em></p> Gusti Ayu Tri Agustiana Rudiana Agustini Muslimin Ibrahim I. Nyoman Tika Copyright (c) 2020 NOLEGEIN-Journal of Business Ethics , Ethos & CSR 2020-12-05 2020-12-05 7 13 Impact of Vocational Skill Development Programmes of Jan Shikshan Sansthan <p><em>Saakshar</em><em>&nbsp;Bharat Programme (SBP)</em><em>,</em><em>&nbsp;a centrally sponsored scheme of Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India</em><em>,</em><em>&nbsp;was launched </em><em>on the International Literacy Day (ILD), 8</em><em>&nbsp;September</em><em>&nbsp;2009</em><em>,</em><em>&nbsp;to impart functional literacy to 70 million non-literates in the age </em><em>group of 15+ adults in the country.</em><em>&nbsp;SBP has been in operation in Telangana since 2010</em><em>,</em><em>&nbsp;and millions of non-literates were made literates and they are attending Lok Shiksha </em><em>Kendras</em><em>/Adult Education Centres</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>(LSK/AEC) for life-long learning to improve their further knowledge and skills for better quality of life.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><strong><em>Purpose of the Study: </em></strong><em>The study tried to assess two issues which are the impact of vocational skill development</em><em>&nbsp;programmes and identification of problems/shortcomings while organising the vocational skill development programmes for the neo-literates in SBP.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><strong><em>Methodology: </em></strong><em>This empirical research adopted a quantitative method by distributing a </em><em>schedule to 120 neo-literates located </em><em>in rural</em><em>-</em><em>based </em><em>Mahabubnagar</em><em>&nbsp;district of Telangana State, India. The data analy</em><em>s</em><em>ed by using statistical techniques such as mean and percentages to assess the impact of the vocational skill development programmes.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><strong><em>Main Findings</em></strong><em>: This study found that incomes are improved phenomenally after availing vocational skill development programmes by the neo-literates. However, the neo-literates are needed more skill development programmes to facilitate awareness of various institutes for the promotion of skill development programmes. A good positive response</em><em>&nbsp;from the beneficiaries </em><em>with regard to</em><em>&nbsp;their enhancement of income and the respondents had increased their self-confidence level and enhanced their quality of life.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><strong><em>Application of the Study: </em></strong><em>The findings of the study are useful for the government in implementing vocational skill development programmes to strengthen the neo-literates economically and socially.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><em>It would be relevant to apply solutions for the problems encountering by the neo-literates of SBP.</em><em>&nbsp;</em><strong><em>Novelty/Originality of the Study: </em></strong><em>The impact of vocational skill development programmes has been addressed categorically concerning empowerment. Therefore, a determined plan of implementation of further action can significantly empower the neo-literates of SBP.</em></p> P.V. Subba Reddy Copyright (c) 2020 NOLEGEIN-Journal of Business Ethics , Ethos & CSR 2020-12-05 2020-12-05 14 24 Management of Practical Problems Related to the Term-End Examinations (An Educative, Analytical and Ethical Approach for Understanding) <p><em>Examinations are the compulsory Tests to be conducted by every educational institution when the required number of working days and teaching-learning days are completed to determine the standard of the students. As per the Choice Based Credit System, there will be two examinations namely Internal Examinations and External Examinations. &nbsp;As far as the Internal Examinations, the concerned subject faculty has to seriously and sincerely conduct two to three tests, seminars and assignments based on which the internal marks will be calculated and will be sent to the university through the college. &nbsp;But only in the semester term end external examinations the problem arises. There are excellent dedicated teachers with the quality cooperation and coordination in every institution but the number is very less. In spite of the rules that examination duty is compulsory, the few staffs find ways and means to escape from the duties which becomes problems to the Head of the Institutions (HOI) in addition to the other problems like Delay in getting the question papers, hall tickets, answer books, advance amount; lack of communication, coordination, cooperation, proper code verifications; absence of strong room, uniform policy for placing duty for invigilation, observers, chief superintendent, etc., &nbsp;from the day the duty chart prepared to till he settles accounts with parties concerned. By taking this issue as a key point, the real and actual problems are elicited and &nbsp;presented with suitable measures to solve these issues permanently. &nbsp;It is up to the readers to accept or reject. </em></p> N. Rajavel Copyright (c) 2020 NOLEGEIN-Journal of Business Ethics , Ethos & CSR 2020-12-05 2020-12-05 25 37 Islamic Economics: Foundation, Role and Trends <p><em>The rules, values and standards of conduct that organize economic life and establish relations </em><em>of production in an Islamic society are Islamic economic system. These rules and standards are </em><em>based on Islamic order recognized in Quran. Islamic economics based on specific concept of </em><em>universe and the creation of man is contradictory to the concept adopted and accepted by </em><em>modern science. Islamic economics postulates although ability and expertise are required for </em><em>progress and growth but distribution of resources completely dependent on it would be cruel, </em><em>inhuman and bereft of kindness, and lead to oppression. Islamic economics does not favor </em><em>making human ability and expertise the fulcrum of resource distribution. It should be kind, </em><em>considerate and based on justice and fairness. This is because, according to Islamic </em><em>philosophy, ownership is considered to be a trust from Allah which has been bestowed on the </em><em>rich so that they may utilize it correctly. In Islamic economics, the role of the individual has </em><em>inclinations and his aims and objectives occupy a central position and are vitally important. He </em><em>is definitely a rational being, but his level of rationality is not confined to the calculations of </em><em>cost and profit. An individual does not want merely to obtain monetary profit and physical </em><em>pleasure and leisure, but he also wants and aims for something beyond what the material world </em><em>has to offer. The main aim of the study is to find out the relationship between Islam and </em><em>economics. In Islamic economics, the comprehensive moral training of the individual, his </em><em>technical and educational ability, his aims and priorities are of primary importance. According </em><em>to Islamic economics, the means of acquiring wealth have the same importance as wealth itself. </em><em>Dishonesty, abuse of trust and earning of wealth through fraudulent ways and means may </em><em>perhaps increase the status of an individual, but the society suffers because of it on the whole. </em><em>This leads to an unjust and oppressive economic system. </em></p> Bilal Ahmad Khan Copyright (c) 2020 NOLEGEIN-Journal of Business Ethics , Ethos & CSR 2020-12-05 2020-12-05 38 50