Outside of ordinary communication, the formal component of the scholarly communication system, namely the publication of an article in a peer-reviewed learned journal, has several objectives. It's a crucial component in the creation of a well-connected and well-respected knowledge network. It is prima facie evidence of the writers' research work's quality and effect, as well as the institutions that support them. It promotes the scientific method and serves as an example of it. For these and other reasons, it is critical to establish ethical standards for all parties involved in the publication process, including the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher, and the society for society-owned or sponsored journals. All parties must treat each other with dignity and respect, without discrimination, harassment, bullying, or retaliation.
- There are clear guidelines for submitting the work.
- That the work has not been previously published (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis)
- That the work isn't being considered by anyone else
- That no copyright has been infringed upon in order for it to be published
- That all co-authors and competent authorities at the institute or organisation where the work was done have given their approval to the publication